The 3 K's Of Shotokan Karate
Kihon translates to basic techniques and is the foundation of all subsequent learning in karate. All students start karate by learning basic blocks, strikes, kicks, and stances. Over time, these moves are practised repeatedly so they become second nature and fluid. Kihon is taken very seriously and is taught very consistently in the dojo to ensure that correct technique is learned at the very beginning. Bad form in the basics leads to ineffective technique and injury, therefore much attention is given to correct kihon techniques throughout the curriculum. Through continual refinement, kihon becomes central to learning the kata and drills, and in-depth study will lead to more advanced techniques.
Forms And Patterns Of Moves
The basic goal of kata is to preserve and transmit proven techniques and to practice self-defense. By practicing in a repetitive manner the learner develops the ability to execute those techniques and movements in a natural, reflex-like manner.
Literally translated means “grappling hands”. Kumite is the part of karate in which a person trains against an adversary, using the techniques learned from the kihon and kata.
Kumite can be used to develop a particular technique or a skill (e.g. effectively judging and adjusting one’s distance from one’s opponent).